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Using AWS Cognito with Web3Auth

web@web3auth/no-modalcognitocustom authenticationreactethereumWeb3Auth Team | June 25, 2022

This guide will cover the basics of how to set up your Web3Auth SDK and AWS Cognito for the integration and provide you with the links on how to develop a basic web application on the Ethereum blockchain.

Quick Start

npx degit Web3Auth/web3auth-pnp-examples/web-no-modal-sdk/custom-authentication/single-verifier-examples/cognito-no-modal-example w3a-cognito-demo && cd w3a-cognito-demo && npm install && npm run start

How it works?

When integrating Web3Auth with AWS Cognito the Implicit flow looks something like this:

AWS Cognito - Implicit Flow

  • When a user logs in with AWS Cognito, Cognito sends a JWT id_token to the app. This JWT token is sent to the Web3Auth SDK's login function.

  • Finally, on successful validation of the JWT token, Web3Auth SDK will generate a private key for the user, in a self-custodial way, resulting in easy onboarding for your user to the application.

Prerequisites

  • For Web Apps: A basic knowledge of JavaScript is required to use Web3Auth SDK.

  • For Mobile Apps: For the Web3Auth Mobile SDKs, you have a choice between iOS, Android, React Native & Flutter. Please refer to the Web3Auth SDK Reference for more information.

  • Create a Web3Auth account on the Web3Auth Dashboard

  • An AWS account to create an AWS Cognito User Poll.

  • A Google Developer account to be used as an Identity provider for AWS Cognito.

Setup

Set up AWS Cognito

  • Go to your AWS account and go to AWS Cognito console. And Create a new user pool by following this AWS Console guide.

  • Note down the userPoolId and region after creating the new user pool.

  • Add a new app client to the user pool from the App clients tab under General settings of your pool settings. Note down the App client id for this app client, which looks something like 3j2tXXXXkkff5ajpn. We will use this as the aud value for the JWT validation field.

    AWS Cognito - Create app client

  • Add a domain to your AWS Cognito App from the App integration > Domain name section.

  • We will use Google login as an Identity provider in AWS Cognito for this guide.

    • Obtain the OAuth Client ID and Client Secret from your Google Developer dashboard. Follow Google’s instructions to set up an OAuth 2.0 App.

    • While configuring your Google OAuth 2.0 client for the web, make sure to enter

      • <AWS_COGNITO_DOMAIN> in the Authorized Javascript Origins list and,
      • <AWS_COGNITO_DOMAIN>/oauth2/idpresponse in the Authorized redirect URIs list.
  • Let's configure Google login in AWS Cognito.

    • Go to the identity providers tab under the federation tab and select Google.
    • It will require you to enter your Google app's Client ID and Client Secret which you get in the above steps.
      • Paste Client ID in the Google app ID field.
      • Paste Client Secret in the App secret field.
      • Type profile email openid in the Authorize scope field. AWS Cognito - Google Login Identity configuration
      • Your Google login provider is configured, you can enable it in your App client settings under App Integration settings of your pool settings. AWS Cognito - Enable Google Identity
      • Map email from Google attribute to user pool attribute.
        • In the Amazon Cognito console, choose Manage user pools, and then choose your user pool.
        • In the left navigation pane, under Federation, choose Attribute mapping.
        • On the attribute mapping page, choose the Google tab.
        • Next to the Google attribute named email, select the Capture check box.
        • Next to email, for the User pool attribute, choose Email from the list.
        • Choose Save changes.
  • Update App client settings to set the desired OAuth flow and redirect endpoints. For this guide, we will be using the Implicit OAuth flow.

    • Click on App client settings under App integration.
    • Callback URL(s): http://localhost:3000/callback, https://testing.openlogin.com/auth
    • Sign out URL(s): http://localhost:3000
    • OAuth2.0
      • Select [x] Implicit grant from Allowed OAuth Flows
      • Select [x] email openid profile from Allowed OAuth Scopes AWS Cognito - App Client Settings Final
    • Save Changes and your Cognito app is configured to use Web3Auth.
  • Now let's configure Web3Auth using AWS Cognito app details.

Setup Web3Auth

Setup Web3Auth Project

  • Create a Project from the Project Section of the Web3Auth Developer Dashboard.

    Plug n Play Project Creation on Web3Auth Dashboard

    • Enter your desired Project name.

    • Select the Product you want to use. For this guide, we'll be using the Plug n Play product.

    • Select the Platform type you want to use. For this guide, we'll be using the Web Application as the platform.

    • Select the Web3Auth Network as Sapphire Devnet. We recommend creating a project in the sapphire_devnet network during development. While moving to a production environment, make sure to convert your project to sapphire_mainnet or any of the legacy mainnet network mainnet, aqua, or cyan network. Otherwise, you'll end up losing users and keys.

    • Select the blockchain(s) you'll be building this project on. For interoperability with Torus Wallets, you have the option of allowing the user's private key to be used in other applications using Torus Wallets (EVM, Solana, XRPL & Casper).

    • Finally, once you create the project, you have the option to whitelist your URLs for the project. Please whitelist the domains where your project will be hosted.

      Plug n Play Project - Whitelist

Setup Firebase Custom Authentication Verifier

Create a AWS Cognito Verifier from the Custom Authentication tab of your Web3Auth Project.

  • Click on the Custom Authentication tab of your Web3Auth Project.

  • Click on the Create Verifier button.

  • Enter a name of your choice for the verifier identifier. eg. w3a-cognito-demo

  • Select Custom Providers from Choose a Login Provider section. Verifier Modal on Web3Auth Dashboard

  • JWKS Endpoint: Enter https://cognito-idp.{REGION}.amazonaws.com/{USER_POOL_ID}/.well-known/jwks.json as the JWKS endpoint for the Cognito.

  • Now you have the option to paste a sample idToken(JWT) to get the fields for the JWT validation. This step is optional, but if you have a sample JWT you can paste it here to get the fields for the JWT validation. You can also skip this step and fill in the fields manually.

  • The following are the JWT validation fields needed for the Cognito JWT validation:

    • Type iss as a field and https://cognito-idp.{REGION}.amazonaws.com/{USER_POOL_ID} as a value.
    • Next, type aud as a field and APP_CLIENT_ID as a value.

    Note: Replace the REGION, USER_POOL_ID and APP_CLIENT_ID with your Cognito specific details.

  • Next, Select Sub, Email or a Custom value from the dropdown for the JWT Verifier ID. This is the field that will be used as the verifier ID for the user, and it has to be unique for each user.

  • Finally, Click on the Create button to create your verifier.

Verifier Modal on Web3Auth Dashboard

It may take up to 10 minutes to deploy the verifier on sapphire_devnet. You'll receive an email once it's complete.

Using the Web3Auth SDK

To use the Web3Auth SDK, you need to add the dependency of the respective platform SDK of Web3Auth to your project. To know more about the available SDKs, please have a look at this documentation page.

For this guide, we will be talking through the Web3Auth Plug and Play No Modal SDK and using the OpenLogin Provider alongside it to enable Custom Authentication through AWS Cognito.

Setting up your base project for using Web3 libraries:

If you are starting from scratch, to set up this project locally, you will need to create a base Web application, where you can install the required dependencies. However, while working with Web3, there are a few base libraries, which need additional configuration. This is because certain packages are not available in the browser environment, and we need to polyfill them manually. You can follow this documentation where we have mentioned the configuration changes for some popular frameworks for your reference.

Installation

For this project, you need to add the following Web3Auth dependencies to your package.json

npm install --save @web3auth/no-modal @web3auth/openlogin-adapter @web3auth/ethereum-provider @web3auth/base web3

Understanding the Dependencies

Web3Auth Dependencies

@web3auth/no-modal

This is the main Core package that contains the Web3Auth SDK.

npm install --save @web3auth/no-modal
@web3auth/openlogin-adapter

For using Custom Authentication, we need to use the OpenLogin Adapter, where we can initialize the authentication details.

npm install --save @web3auth/openlogin-adapter
@web3auth/ethereum-provider

For using the EVM-compatible blockchains, we need to use the Ethereum Provider package, which will be used to connect to the blockchain.

npm install --save @web3auth/ethereum-provider
@web3auth/base

Since we're using typescript, we need the @web3auth/base package to provide the types of the different variables we'll be using throughout the app-building process. This reduces errors to a very large extent.

npm install --save @web3auth/base

Initialization

Once installed, your Web3Auth application needs to be initialized. Initialization is a 4 step process where we add all the config details for Web3Auth:

  1. Instantiation
  2. Configuration of Adapters
  3. Configuration of Plugins
  4. Initialization of the Web3Auth

Please make sure all of this is happening in your application constructor. This makes sure that Web3Auth is initialized when your application starts up.

For this guide, we're only focusing on the Instantiation, Configuration for the Openlogin Adapter (the default adapter that enables social logins) and Initialization of the Web3Auth SDK. To know more about the other things you can do with Web3Auth, check out our SDK Reference.

Instantiating Web3Auth

Importing the packages
import { WALLET_ADAPTERS, CHAIN_NAMESPACES, IProvider } from "@web3auth/base";
import { Web3AuthNoModal } from "@web3auth/no-modal";
import { OpenloginAdapter } from "@web3auth/openlogin-adapter";
import { EthereumPrivateKeyProvider } from "@web3auth/ethereum-provider";

Alongside the Web3Auth and OpenloginAdapter you need the above-mentioned packages from @web3auth/base for different initializations mentioned further in this guide.

Instantiate the Web3Auth SDK
import { Web3AuthNoModal } from "@web3auth/no-modal";
import { CHAIN_NAMESPACES } from "@web3auth/base";

const chainConfig = {
chainNamespace: CHAIN_NAMESPACES.EIP155,
chainId: "0x1",
rpcTarget: "https://rpc.ankr.com/eth",
displayName: "Ethereum Mainnet",
blockExplorer: "https://etherscan.io",
ticker: "ETH",
tickerName: "Ethereum",
};

const web3auth = new Web3AuthNoModal({
clientId: "BPi5PB_UiIZ-cPz1GtV5i1I2iOSOHuimiXBI0e-Oe_u6X3oVAbCiAZOTEBtTXw4tsluTITPqA8zMsfxIKMjiqNQ",
web3AuthNetwork: "sapphire_mainnet",
chainConfig,
});

Here, we're using the chainConfig property to set the chainId and chainNamespace. The chainId and chainNamespace are the id and the namespace respectively of the chain you're connecting to. We've initialized them for EVM for this guide. You can find the list of available providers here to select from.

Additionally, sometimes you might face clogging in the network because the test network is a bit clogged at that point. To avoid this, we can use the property rpcTarget and pass over the URL of the node you want to connect to.

Initializing the Openlogin Adapter

const privateKeyProvider = new EthereumPrivateKeyProvider({
config: { chainConfig },
});

const openloginAdapter = new OpenloginAdapter({
adapterSettings: {
clientId: "YOUR-WEB3AUTH-CLIENT-ID", //Optional - Provide only if you haven't provided it in the Web3Auth Instantiation Code
uxMode: "popup",
loginConfig: {
jwt: {
name: "Name of your choice",
verifier: "YOUR-VERIFIER-NAME-ON-WEB3AUTH-DASHBOARD",
typeOfLogin: "jwt",
clientId: "YOUR-CLIENT-ID-FROM-SOCIAL-PROVIDER",
},
},
},
privateKeyProvider,
});

web3auth.configureAdapter(openloginAdapter);

Here, you need to pass over your Web3Auth clientId in the adapterSettings object and your Custom Auth verifierName and AWS Cognito clientId in the loginConfig object. This makes sure that the Openlogin Adapter can connect to the correct verifier and AWS Cognito server.

Initializing the Web3Auth SDK

await web3auth.init();

Initializing on Mobile Platforms

  • For Mobile, depending on the platform, there will be different steps to initialize the SDK. Refer to the respective Mobile SDKs,

Authentication

Logging in

Once initialized, you can use the connectTo() function to authenticate the user when they click the login button.

import { WALLET_ADAPTERS } from "@web3auth/base";

await web3auth.connectTo(WALLET_ADAPTERS.OPENLOGIN, {
loginProvider: "jwt",
extraLoginOptions: {
domain: "https://YOUR-AWS-COGNITO-DOMAIN",
verifierIdField: "email",
response_type: "token",
scope: "email profile openid",
},
});

When connecting, your connectTo function takes the arguments for the adapter you want to connect to and the options for the login. The major thing to note here is the domain option in the extraLoginOptions object. This is the domain of your AWS Cognito pool so that you can be redirected to log in there directly from the Web3Auth Plug and Play No Modal SDK.

Get the User Profile

const user = await web3auth.getUserInfo();
console.log("User info", user);

Using the getUserInfo function, you can get the details of the logged-in user. Please note that these details are not stored anywhere in Web3Auth network, but are fetched from the id_token you received from AWS Cognito and live in the frontend context.

Logout

await web3auth.logout();

Logging out your user is as simple as calling the logout function.

Note: Currently, Web3Auth Plug and Play SDKs don't log out a user from AWS Cognito, so you can try calling this below endpoint to log out a user.

window.open("
YOUR-COGNITO-DOMAIN/logout?
client_id=YOUR-CLIENTID-FROM-AWS-COGNITO-DASHBOARD&
logout_uri=LOGOUT_URI&
redirect_uri=REDIRECT_URI
");

Interacting with Blockchain

So if you have completed this far, it means that you have successfully authenticated your user. Now, you can use the provider returned by Web3Auth as web3auth.provider to interact with your blockchain. You can use the Provider SDKs to perform RPC Calls to your blockchain.

Web3Auth is chain agnostic, ie. depending on whatever blockchain or layer-2 you use, Web3Auth can easily support that. Web3Auth has native providers for EVM and Solana blockchains and for others, you can get the private key in the user scope and make RPC calls. For standardising the type of provider, Web3Auth Base provides a IProvider from which you can create your own provider.

  • Ethereum Provider gives you the capability of making RPC calls to the EVM compatible blockchains.
  • Solana Provider gives you the capability of making RPC calls to the Solana blockchain.
  • XRPL Provider gives you the capability of making RPC calls to the XRPL blockchain.
  • If you want to use any other chain except Solana or EVM chains, for ex: Starknet, you can specify the value of chainNamespace field as other in the Web3Auth SDK Constructor. Refer to: Using other blockchains

Get User Accounts

const getAccounts = async () => {
if (!provider) {
console.log("provider not initialized yet");
return;
}
const web3 = new Web3(provider as any);
const userAccounts = await web3.eth.getAccounts();
console.log(userAccounts);
};

View User Balance

const getBalance = async () => {
if (!provider) {
console.log("provider not initialized yet");
return;
}
const web3 = new Web3(provider as any);
const accounts = await web3.eth.getAccounts();
const balance = await web3.eth.getBalance(accounts[0]);
console.log(web3.utils.fromWei(balance));
};

Sign Message

const signMessage = async () => {
if (!provider) {
console.log("provider not initialized yet");
return;
}
const web3 = new Web3(provider as any);
// Get user's Ethereum public address
const account = (await web3.eth.getAccounts())[0];

// Message
const message = "Hello MPC, Bye Bye SeedPhrase";

const typedMessage = [
{
type: "string",
name: "message",
value: message,
},
];
const params = [JSON.stringify(typedMessage), account];
const method = "eth_signTypedData";

const signedMessage = await this.provider.request({
method,
params,
});
console.log(signedMessage);
};

Sign Transaction

const signTransaction = async () => {
if (!provider) {
console.log("provider not initialized yet");
return;
}
const web3 = new Web3(provider as any);
const accounts = await web3.eth.getAccounts();

const txRes = await web3.eth.signTransaction({
from: accounts[0],
to: accounts[0],
value: web3.utils.toWei("0.0001"),
chainId: 1, // change it to your specific chain id.
});
console.log(txRes.transactionHash);
};

Send Transaction

const sendTransaction = async () => {
if (!provider) {
console.log("provider not initialized yet");
return;
}
const web3 = new Web3(provider as any);
const accounts = await web3.eth.getAccounts();

const txRes = await web3.eth.sendTransaction({
from: accounts[0],
to: accounts[0],
value: web3.utils.toWei("0.0001"),
chainId: 1, // change it to your specific chain id.
});
console.log(txRes.transactionHash);
};

Additional Reading: Setup Custom Authentication using AWS Cognito Authorization code flow

Difference between Implicit and Authorization code flow

In the Implicit flow, the frontend gets the JWT id_token from AWS Cognito directly. This flow is leveraged by the Web3Auth SDK, which handles all the callbacks by itself and the user just needs to set the OpenloginAdapter and connect to the Web3Auth SDK, adding the AWS Cognito client_id in it. Hence, this is the implicit flow and is the most suitable flow for setting up your authentication via AWS Cognito and Web3Auth.

In the Authorization code flow, you have to spin up a server on your own where you'll receive the authorisation code from AWS Cognito. For Web3Auth, still requires an id_token to be sent to the OpenloginAdapter to log the user in the frontend context. This is where you need to make another call from the backend server to AWS Cognito to get the id_token and pass it over to your frontend where you can send it to the Web3Auth SDK.

Setting up your application with Authorization code Flow

  • In addition to the steps above, select Authorization code grant from Allowed OAuth Flows on your AWS Cognito Console's App client settings page and add callback URLs for both your backend and frontend
  • On the frontend, your login button should hit on the following URL
https://{YOUR_DOMAIN}.auth.{region}.amazoncognito.com/oauth2/authorize?
response_type=code&
client_id={CLIENT_ID_FROM_AWS}&
redirect_uri=https://{YOUR_APP}/redirect_uri&
state=STATE&
scope=openid+profile+aws.cognito.signin.user.admin
  • This is where the user is redirected to a login screen by AWS Cognito.
  • On successful login, the user will be redirected to your backend server with authorization code as a query parameter.
  • In the backend server, you can use the code to get the id_token from AWS Cognito and redirect the user to the frontend with id_token as a query parameter
app.get('/callback', (req, res) => {
var options = {
method: 'POST',
url: 'https://{YOUR_DOMAIN}.auth.{REGION}.amazoncognito.com/oauth2/token',
headers: {
'content-type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',
'Authorization': 'Basic ' + Buffer.from(CLIENT_ID_FROM_AWS + ':' + CLIENT_SECRET_FROM_AWS).toString('base64')
},
form:{
grant_type: 'authorization_code',
client_id: 'CLIENT_ID_FROM_AWS',
code: req.query.code, // the authorisation code you got from AWS Cognito
redirect_uri: 'https://{YOUR_FRONTEND_URL}',
}
};

var id_token = "";

request(options, function (error, response, data) {
id_token = JSON.parse(data)["id_token"];
redirect_url = "http://{YOUR_FRONTEND_URL}?token=%22+id_token;
// Redirection URL to frontend with `id_token` as a query parameter
res.redirect(redirect_url);
});
})
  • In the frontend, pass on this id_token to the Web3Auth SDK to authenticate the user
await web3auth.connectTo(WALLET_ADAPTERS.OPENLOGIN, {
loginProvider: "jwt",
extraLoginOptions: {
id_token: "YOUR_ID_TOKEN_FETCHED_FROM_BACKEND_SERVER",
domain: "https://YOUR-AWS-COGNITO-DOMAIN",
verifierIdField: "sub",
},
});

Example code

The code for the application we developed in this guide can be found in the Web3Auth Cognito Example. Check it out and try running it locally yourself!

Questions?

Ask us on Web3Auth's Community Support Portal