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Building a Browser Extension with Web3Auth Plug and Play No Modal SDK

web@web3auth/no-modal@web3auth/modalbrowser extensionchromereactethereumWeb3Auth Team | January 18, 2023

This guide will walk you through the process of building a browser extension with Web3Auth Plug and Play No Modal SDK.

Repository: Google Chrome Browser Extension Example

Quick Start

npx degit Web3Auth/web3auth-pnp-examples/web-no-modal-sdk/chrome-extension-no-modal-example w3a-chrome-extension-demo && cd w3a-chrome-extension-demo && npm install && npm run build
  • In your browser go to chrome://extensions
  • Enable Developer mode
  • Click on Load unpacked and select the build folder from the folder path mentioned above

The extension should now be installed and you can click on the extension icon to interact with it.

End product of this guide:

Once logged in you can have all the features Web3Auth provides and along with blockchain libraries like ethers.js, web3.js, etc you can interact with the blockchain.

How it works?

We can integrate @web3auth/no-modal as well as @web3auth/modal to build a browser extension with Web3Auth. You can read more about both the SDKs in the SDKs section. The login flow of the user is as follows:

Web3Auth Core - Social Login Flow

Prerequisites

  • For Web Apps: A basic knowledge of JavaScript is required to use Web3Auth SDK.

  • For Mobile Apps: For the Web3Auth Mobile SDKs, you have a choice between iOS, Android, React Native & Flutter. Please refer to the Web3Auth SDK Reference for more information.

  • Create a Web3Auth account on the Web3Auth Dashboard

We will be building the Chrome extension with create-react-app in this guide.

Setup

Setup your Web3Auth Dashboard

  • Create a Project from the Project Section of the Web3Auth Developer Dashboard.

    Plug n Play Project Creation on Web3Auth Dashboard

    • Enter your desired Project name.

    • Select the Product you want to use. For this guide, we'll be using the Plug n Play product.

    • Select the Platform type you want to use. For this guide, we'll be using the Web Application as the platform.

    • Select the Web3Auth Network as Sapphire Devnet. We recommend creating a project in the sapphire_devnet network during development. While moving to a production environment, make sure to convert your project to sapphire_mainnet or any of the legacy mainnet network mainnet, aqua, or cyan network. Otherwise, you'll end up losing users and keys.

    • Select the blockchain(s) you'll be building this project on. For interoperability with Torus Wallets, you have the option of allowing the user's private key to be used in other applications using Torus Wallets (EVM, Solana, XRPL & Casper).

    • Finally, once you create the project, you have the option to whitelist your URLs for the project. Please whitelist the domains where your project will be hosted.

      Plug n Play Project - Whitelist

note

Once you have the build folder ready for the extension, you will need to go to chrome://extensions/ and load the unpacked extension from the build folder. That will give you the extension ID which you would need to add to the Web3Auth Dashboard.

Add chrome-extension://<extension-id> to the Whitelisted URLs in the Web3Auth Dashboard.

Using the Web3Auth SDK

Installation

Install @web3auth/modal & @web3auth/base

npm install @web3auth/modal @web3auth/base

Import the Web3Auth Modules into your project

src/App.tsx
import { useEffect, useState } from "react";
import { Web3Auth } from "@web3auth/modal";
import { CHAIN_NAMESPACES, IProvider } from "@web3auth/base";

Fixing Webpack 5 issues

While using create-react-app, you may run into issues building. This is because NodeJS polyfills are not included in the latest version of Webpack 5. To solve this, please have a look at this troubleshooting page where we have added the resolution.

Initialization

Create the Web3Auth instance and configure the Openlogin adapter, in case of no-modal SDK, as per your requirements.

src/App.tsx
const clientId =
"BPi5PB_UiIZ-cPz1GtV5i1I2iOSOHuimiXBI0e-Oe_u6X3oVAbCiAZOTEBtTXw4tsluTITPqA8zMsfxIKMjiqNQ"; // get from https://dashboard.web3auth.io
const chainConfig = {
chainNamespace: CHAIN_NAMESPACES.EIP155,
chainId: "0x1",
rpcTarget: "https://rpc.ankr.com/eth",
displayName: "Ethereum Mainnet",
blockExplorer: "https://etherscan.io",
ticker: "ETH",
tickerName: "Ethereum",
};
const web3auth = new Web3Auth({
clientId,
chainConfig,
web3AuthNetwork: "sapphire_mainnet",
});

await web3auth.initModal();

Authentication

Once initialized, you can use the connect method to authenticate the user.

const web3authProvider = await web3auth.connect();

Get the User Profile

// Assuming the user is logged in.
const user = await web3auth.getUserInfo();

Logout

Logging out your user is as simple as calling the web3auth.logout() function.

await web3auth.logout();

Interacting with the Blockchain

So if you have completed this far, it means that you have successfully authenticated your user. Now, you can use the provider returned by Web3Auth as web3auth.provider to interact with your blockchain. You can use the Provider SDKs to perform RPC Calls to your blockchain.

Web3Auth is chain agnostic, ie. depending on whatever blockchain or layer-2 you use, Web3Auth can easily support that. Web3Auth has native providers for EVM and Solana blockchains and for others, you can get the private key in the user scope and make RPC calls. For standardising the type of provider, Web3Auth Base provides a IProvider from which you can create your own provider.

  • Ethereum Provider gives you the capability of making RPC calls to the EVM compatible blockchains.
  • Solana Provider gives you the capability of making RPC calls to the Solana blockchain.
  • XRPL Provider gives you the capability of making RPC calls to the XRPL blockchain.
  • If you want to use any other chain except Solana or EVM chains, for ex: Starknet, you can specify the value of chainNamespace field as other in the Web3Auth SDK Constructor. Refer to: Using other blockchains

Get User Accounts

const getAccounts = async () => {
if (!provider) {
console.log("provider not initialized yet");
return;
}
const web3 = new Web3(provider as any);
const userAccounts = await web3.eth.getAccounts();
console.log(userAccounts);
};

View User Balance

const getBalance = async () => {
if (!provider) {
console.log("provider not initialized yet");
return;
}
const web3 = new Web3(provider as any);
const accounts = await web3.eth.getAccounts();
const balance = await web3.eth.getBalance(accounts[0]);
console.log(web3.utils.fromWei(balance));
};

Sign Message

const signMessage = async () => {
if (!provider) {
console.log("provider not initialized yet");
return;
}
const web3 = new Web3(provider as any);
// Get user's Ethereum public address
const account = (await web3.eth.getAccounts())[0];

// Message
const message = "Hello MPC, Bye Bye SeedPhrase";

const typedMessage = [
{
type: "string",
name: "message",
value: message,
},
];
const params = [JSON.stringify(typedMessage), account];
const method = "eth_signTypedData";

const signedMessage = await this.provider.request({
method,
params,
});
console.log(signedMessage);
};

Sign Transaction

const signTransaction = async () => {
if (!provider) {
console.log("provider not initialized yet");
return;
}
const web3 = new Web3(provider as any);
const accounts = await web3.eth.getAccounts();

const txRes = await web3.eth.signTransaction({
from: accounts[0],
to: accounts[0],
value: web3.utils.toWei("0.0001"),
chainId: 1, // change it to your specific chain id.
});
console.log(txRes.transactionHash);
};

Send Transaction

const sendTransaction = async () => {
if (!provider) {
console.log("provider not initialized yet");
return;
}
const web3 = new Web3(provider as any);
const accounts = await web3.eth.getAccounts();

const txRes = await web3.eth.sendTransaction({
from: accounts[0],
to: accounts[0],
value: web3.utils.toWei("0.0001"),
chainId: 1, // change it to your specific chain id.
});
console.log(txRes.transactionHash);
};

Example code

The code for the application we developed in this guide can be found in the Web3Auth Browser Extension. Check it out and try running it locally yourself!

Questions?

Ask us on Web3Auth's Community Support Portal